Energy, Water, Gas and Petroleum

Industries that we understand and have worked in extensively
Energy

The Energy sector in South Africa is in transition, particularly due to predictions that the country’s 17 operational coal generators are expected to decrease in production from 2020 along with climate change commitments to move away from coal usage. Although 77% of South Africa’s energy is derived from coal, renewable power producers are making increasing contributions to the power pool and although nuclear has been considered, it is deemed to be an expensive option that the country cannot afford. Social pressures are also mounting to ensure that the interests of business, the workforce and communities are considered, with almost 90% of households in South Africa now having access to electricity. This sector is the largest in terms of capital expenditure.

Projects we have undertaken include:

  • Energy consumer and commercial market research and energy demand assessments.
  • Energy product and services research.
  • Energy sector demand studies.
  • Energy technology trends assessments.
  • Energy infrastructure projects in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Energy distribution options and models.
  • Energy supply analysis.
  • Energy demand sector analysis and electricity intensive industries.
Water

The Water sector in South Africa is under significant pressure due to the impact of climate change. This has affected the development of several provinces harshly, where severe drought conditions have prevailed over the past few years. The water infrastructure is also not adequate and access to water by many households has still not been realised.
South Africa uses about 15-billion cubic metres a year and this is predicted to increase to 18-billion cubic metres by 2030. The county’s water deficit is growing with 30% of local towns and cities experiencing a water deficit.
The country’s water sources comprise 77% surface water, 9% groundwater and 14% is derived from return flows. It aims to achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all by 2030, although this was estimated to be 89% in 2015, and in reality reliability of supply is much lower.

Projects we have undertaken include:

  • Water demand assessments.
  • Water infrastructure projects assessments.
  • Institutional arrangements options.
  • Water policy and strategy implementation assessments.
  • Water asset management assessments.
  • Water management ICT services outsourcing review.
  • Water value-chain expenditure-performance analysis.
  • Water services delivery modelling.
Gas and Petroleum

South Attica has limited supplies of petroleum and gas, with small gas fields being exploited off the southern coast of South Africa. Some 60% of crude oil requirements are met by imports from the Middle East and Africa, where richer resources exist. Through the sourcing of these supplies, South Africa has earmarked the maritime industry for growth in terms of servicing these opportunities. There are six refineries in the country for crude oil refining, coal to liquid fuel and gas and natural gas to liquid fuels with a refining capacity of approximately 720 000 barrels per annum. Major petroleum products sold in South Africa are liquid fuels, illuminating paraffin, bitumen and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Across Africa, challenges facing Oil and Gas companies are diverse and numerous. However, many of these are fuelled by fraud, corruption, theft, poor infrastructure and a lack of skilled resources. All these factors inhibit the growth of the sector, despite the sector growing substantially, with more resources being exploited, where of the known, just over 500 trillion cubic feet is being exploited.

Projects we have undertaken include:

  • Consumer gas demand and client service levels.
  • Oil and Gas and ship building entity alignment.